“The First Thing that needs to start web Design is that Your Desire to learn Web Design .”
Becoming a web designer doesn’t have to be difficult. If you want to know the basic fundamentals, we’ve put together this guide that covers everything you need to know to get started.
How to learn web design
1. Understand the key concepts of visual design
Every letter, border, and division in a layout is made up of lines that make up their greater structure. Learning web design means understanding the applications of lines in creating order and balance in a layout.
The three basic shapes in visual design are squares, circles, and triangles. Squares and rectangles work for blocks of content, circles work for buttons, and triangles are often used for icons that accompany an important message or call to action. Shapes also have a sense of emotion, with squares associated with strength, circles with harmony and comfort, and triangles with importance and action.
Texture replicates something in the real world. Through texture, we get an idea of whether something is rough or smooth. Textures can be seen throughout web design. From paperlike backgrounds to the colorful wisps of a Gaussian blur, be aware of the different kinds of textures that can make your designs more interesting and can give them a sense of physicality.
To create designs that aren’t an eye strain, you should educate yourself in color theory. Understanding the color wheel, complementary colors, contrasting colors, and the emotions that different colors are tied to will make you a better web designer.
Grids have their roots in the earliest days of graphic design. They function so well in bringing order to images, texts, and other elements in a web design. Learn how to structure your web layouts using grids.
2. Know the basics of HTML
Hypertext markup language (HTML) provides the directions for how the content, images, navigation, and other elements of a website display in someone’s web browser. Though you don’t need to be an expert in HTML, it still helps to have some familiarity with how it works, even if you’re using a visual-based design platform like Webflow.
HTML tags are the instructions a browser uses to generate a website. Headings, paragraphs, links, and images are all controlled by these tags. You’ll especially want to know how header tags like H1, H2, and H3 tags are used for content hierarchy. In addition to affecting layout structure, header tags are important in how web crawlers classify a design and affect how they show up in organic search rankings.
3. Understand CSS
CSS (or cascading style sheets) provides styling and additional instructions on how an HTML element is going to appear. Doing things like applying fonts, adding padding, setting alignment, choosing colors, and even creating grids are all possible through CSS.
Knowing how CSS works will give you the skills to create unique-looking websites and to customize existing templates. Let’s go over a few key concepts of CSS.
In a Simple Language, All The Look and feel Of the Website is base on CSS and Now a Days CSS3 is there on which we can work.
A CSS class is a list of attributes that come together in styling an individual element. Something like body text could have the font, size, and color all a part of a single CSS class.
4. Learn the foundations of UX
UX is the magic that brings a website to life, transforming it from a static arrangement of elements into something that engages with the emotions of someone scrolling through it.
The color scheme, content, typography, layout, and visuals all come together to serve your audience. User experience design is about precision and evoking feelings. It offers someone not only a smooth journey but an experience that connects them with the entity or brand behind the web design.
Web design means understanding end users. You should learn how to do user research and how to create user personas. In addition, you’ll need to know how to utilize this information in creating a design that’s optimized for their needs.
Constructing user flows may come into play when you work your way up to more extensive design projects, but you’ll be better off in the future if you start thinking about these and building them out for your early designs. User flows communicate how people will move through a design. They help you to prioritize the most important sections and make sure that people can access them.
Prototypes can have different levels of fidelity but act as a representation of a functioning design. Images, interactions, content, and other important elements are all in place and replicate the real-world design. Prototypes are used to get feedback and fine-tune a design throughout the process.
5. Familiarize yourself with UI
A user interface is a mechanism that puts a piece of technology into action. A doorknob is a user interface. The volume control on your car radio that your significant other won’t stop messing around with is a user interface. And the keypad that you enter your PIN into at an ATM is a user interface. Just as buttons and other mechanisms in the real world allow someone to interact with machines, the user interface elements on a website allow someone to put actions into motion.
6. Understand the basics of creating layouts
Our eyes latch on to certain design patterns automatically, making for an easy route through a web design. We intuitively know where to look because we’ve seen these same patterns over and over as we’ve consumed media throughout our lives. Knowing design patterns will help you create websites that have a smooth flow to the content and visuals. Two common web layout patterns you need to know about are Z-patterns and F-patterns.
For layouts with an economy of words and images and generous amounts of negative space, the Z-pattern makes for an efficient way to cruise through a website. When you start paying attention to where your eyes are going through a design, you’ll recognize right away when a Z-pattern is in place.
Designs heavy on text, like for an online publication or a blog, often follow a distinct F-pattern. On the left-hand side of the screen, you’ll see a list of articles or posts, and in the main body of the page, you’ll see rows of related information. This pattern is optimized to give people all the information they need, even if they’re quickly glancing through it.
8. Put your knowledge into action and build something
You can watch tutorials, read blog posts, enroll in online courses, and absorb all of the theory and information you can about web design, but the only way to become a web designer is to begin web designing.
Start with a simple project. Maybe someone you know needs help in creating a portfolio or has a side hustle that is lacking any sort of web presence. Offer to design them something for free.
A blog is also another great beginner project. This will give you practical design experience in learning how to use things like a CMS, as well as providing a showcase for your writing skills.
Building a website for a fake company or business is another fun creative exercise in developing your design chops. Plus, you can add it to your portfolio.
9. Get a mentor
Mentors are valuable because they’ve been where you are — at the very beginning — and have the desire to help you out through the hard-earned lessons they’ve learned. They have a deep well of expertise and knowledge. They’re a great resource in getting feedback on your work and finding what you’re doing right and what needs improvement.
In searching for the appropriate mentor, make sure you find someone who does the type of design you admire and specializes in what you want to learn. Mentors can give you a clear path from years spent in the field so you don’t have to stumble through learning web design.